49, 1282–1289.

The passage of cyclohexane from one chair conformation to another, during which the axial substituents switch places with the equatorial substituents, is called a ring flip. 6:116. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.00116. Environ. The detection of these metabolites provides evidence that cyclohexylsuccinate is further degraded by ligation to coenzyme A, yielding cyclohexylsuccinyl-CoA, carbon-skeleton rearrangement and decarboxylation, yielding 3-cyclohexylpropionyl-CoA (detected as 3-cyclohexylpropionate), i.e., analogous to the pathway proposed for the degradation of n-alkanes (Wilkes et al., 2002) (Figure 7).

Considering the high abundance of the phylotype Cyhx28-EdB-clone63, we propose that it plays a very important role in the biodegradation of cyclohexane. Mass spectra were recorded from m/z 50 to 600. In an attempt to identify the putative most abundant microorganisms, the 16S rRNA gene was amplified using increasingly diluted DNA template. (2010). 70, 1267–1275. Although the chair conformation is the most stable conformation that cyclohexane can adopt, there is enough thermal energy for it to also pass through less favorable conformations before returning to a different chair conformation. (2004). What is the contribution of candido bartolome to gymnastics? Yes, all the carbons in cyclohexane can be said to be sp3 hybridized. The experiments were performed in anoxic tubes with 10 ml of a 15 × concentrated cell suspension, and confirmed by two independent incubations (here only one data set is shown).

69, 434–443.

doi: 10.1073/pnas.1108756108, Rios-Hernandez, L. A., Gieg, L. M., and Suflita, J. M. (2003). Subsequent cultures were inoculated with 10% (v/v) of an active culture. Stereochemical investigations reveal the mechanism of the bacterial activation of n-alkanes without oxygen. The sulfate-reducing bacteria isolated so far with aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbons as substrates are complete oxidizers, degrading the hydrocarbon substrate completely to CO2 (for an overview see Widdel et al., 2010). Also, sulfate reducers able to degrade propane and n-butane appear to be restricted to these hydrocarbons (Kniemeyer et al., 2007; Jaekel et al., 2013). The finding of cyclohexylsuccinic acid indicates that the Cyhx28-EdB-clone63-dominating culture activates cyclohexane by addition to fumarate.

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There are two positions for the H's in the chair conformation, which are in an axial or an equitorial formation.

Sulfide concentrations were monitored as a measure of cyclohexane-dependent sulfate reduction. Anaerobic oxidation of n-dodecane by an addition reaction in a sulfate-reducing bacterial enrichment culture. Anaerobic degradation of benzene by a marine sulfate-reducing enrichment culture, and cell hybridization of the dominant phylotype.

Further hybridizations with the sequence-specific oligonucleotide probe Cyhx28-EdB_152 showed that the phylotype Cyhx28-EdB-clone63 accounted for 80.2% of the total cell number (Figure 3).

A relatively low number of aerobic bacterial strains able to degrade cyclohexane have been isolated. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2007.11.094, Cheng, Q., Thomas, S. M., and Rouviere, P. E. (2002). Org. Apparently however, this is incorrect, but I am not sure why. Substrate tests with other hydrocarbons were performed with 15× concentrated cell suspensions. 183, 1707–1715. 99, 119–125. Some Conformations of Cyclohexane Rings. Environ. Is there a way to search all eBay sites for different countries at once?

The boat is less stable than the chair by 6.9 kcal/mol. We speculate that fumarate is synthesized from acetyl-CoA, via carboxylation to pyruvate and oxaloacetate, as previously proposed (Fuchs et al., 1978). 22, 457–461. Anaerobic degradation of propane and butane by sulfate-reducing bacteria enriched from marine hydrocarbon cold seeps.

doi: 10.1021/es2013227, Brown, R. A., and Huffman, H. L. (1976).

FEMS Microbiol. SILVA: a comprehensive online resource for quality checked and aligned ribosomal RNA sequence data compatible with ARB. Given these results and the dominance of the phylotype Cyhx28-EdB-clone63 (>80%), we hypothesize that Cyhx28-EdB-clone63 is relatively versatile with respect to the range of hydrocarbons utilized, including C4-C6n-alkanes as well as methyl substituted and unsubstituted five- and six-ring cycloalkanes. So I won't go over that. Jaekel, U., Musat, N., Adam, B., Kuypers, M., Grundmann, O., and Musat, F. (2013). Under anaerobic conditions, cycloalkanes are activated by addition to fumarate yielding cycloalkylsuccinate derivatives, a mechanism similar to that of n-alkane activation catalyzed by glycyl radical enzymes (Rabus et al., 2001; Callaghan et al., 2008; Grundmann et al., 2008; Jarling et al., 2012).