One of the biggest differences between jaundice and Carotenemia is that in jaundice the sclera or the white part of the eyes also becomes yellow which is not the case with Carotenemia. Carotene can cause a discoloration of the skin when present in large amounts within the body. Dietary changes in which intake of carotene rich foods is restricted is the only treatment that would suffice to treat Carotenemia, although stopping carotene rich foods altogether is not recommended as a mode to treat Carotenemia. Unlike jaundice, carotenemia is fairly harmless and dietary change alone can undo the yellow discoloration of the skin. It is not a single compound but rather a group of substances.
Thus, carotene plays an important part in human body. Jaundice is seen with a range of conditions including some blood disorders and copper poisoning. This includes the palms, soles, knees, and nasolabial folds, although the discoloration can be generalized. Serum levels of carotenoids vary between region, ethnicity, and sex in the healthy population. Average adult intake in the U.S. around 2.3 mg/day. In hypothyroidism and diabetes mellitus, the underlying mechanism of hypercarotenemia is thought to be both impaired conversion of beta-carotene into retinol and the associated increased serum lipids.  Carotene is made up of different substances and the most common form found in the body is beta-carotene which is essential for production of vitamin A in the body. This discoloration is typically yellow and sometimes even slightly orange in color. Although it can occur in any age group, it is more commonly seen in young children and vegetarians in particular. Our articles are resourced from reputable online pages. This condition is called argyria. The discoloration is most easily observed in light-skinned people and may be mistaken for jaundice. Since carotene absorption is associated with dietary fat, certain conditions can therefore increase carotene absorption and retention within the bloodstream. It is important to note that jaundice describes a clinical presentation and is not a disease on its own.
 Carotenemia does not cause selective orange discoloration of the conjunctival membranes over the sclerae (whites of the eyes), and thus is usually easy to distinguish from the yellowing of the skin and conjunctiva caused by bile pigments in states of jaundice. It is most prominent on the palms of the hand and soles of the feet.
Kernicterus: Symptoms, Causes, Classification, Treatment, Prevention. It is more often reported in individuals with lighter complexion as the yellow hue is more clearly visible but may occur in a person of any skin color.
This change takes approximately 4 to 7 weeks to be recognized clinically. Carotenemia good or bad Is a pulse of 77 bad or good Guinness good or bad Hdl is 61 is that good or bad My baby has carotenemia Download Here Free HealthCareMagic App to Ask a Doctor. One instance of carotenosis being featured in popular culture is The Magic School Bus episode "Goes Cellular", where Arnold has his skin dyed orange as a result of excessive consumption of carotene-rich "Seaweedies" the night he is to receive a geology-related award. Primary carotenoderma is from increased oral ingestion of carotenoids, whereas secondary carotenoderma is caused from underlying disease states that increase serum carotenoids with normal oral intake of these compounds. In a recent meta analysis of these treatments, however, the effectiveness of the treatment has been called into question.. Excess levels of Carotene may lead to certain skin discoloration which is usually yellow in color.
Carotenoids are lipid-soluble compounds that include alpha- and beta-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, lutein, and zeaxanthin. It is also beneficial for the skin, eyes and in pregnant women for fetal development, but excess of carotene in the body results in what is called as Carotenemia. In addition to that source of carotene, infants are usually prescribed a liquid vitamin supplement, such as Tri-Vi-Sol, which contains vitamin A. Hyperbilirubinemia is the main differential diagnosis to be considered in evaluating jaundice suspected to be carotenemia.. The numbers in the parentheses (1, 2, 3) are clickable links to peer-reviewed scientific papers. The feedback link “Was this Article Helpful” on this page can be used to report content that is not accurate, up-to-date or questionable in any manner. This article may contains scientific references. It is of note that kidney dysfunction in general is associated with hypercarotenemia as a result of decreased excretion of carotenoids.
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Since the symptoms of Carotenemia are quite similar to that of jaundice, which requires emergent and aggressive medical attention, it is important to understand the difference between the two conditions. Increased serum lipids also cause hypercarotenemia because there are increased circulating lipoproteins that contain bound carotenoids. It is important for the process of photosynthesis where plants use sunlight for their metabolic needs. Canthaxanthin has been used in over-the-counter “tanning pills” in the United States and Europe, but is not currently Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved for this purpose in the United States because of its adverse effects.