When zinc sheet is immersed in NaOH solution, it corrodes according to the following chemical reaction [25]: Zn 2 The most common corrosion inhibitors are organic compounds that primarily contain nitrogen, sulfur or oxygen atoms and their structures are fitted with multiple bonds and aromatic rings [11] [18] - [23]. 0000001850 00000 n

Which is strongly indicates that the lignosulfonate works as a corrosion inhibitor for zinc metal and appears to be more effective in the stronger acidic solution with the same amount of lignosulfonate added [9]. 2.2. ( and Inverse Proportions, Areas The salt is neutral ie, it has very less ability to … In addition, the authors take into account the worldwide renewal of interest for the problem of fuel cells and include chapters on batteries, fuel cells, and double layer capacitors. (2). aq 0000005838 00000 n Daten über Ihr Gerät und Ihre Internetverbindung, darunter Ihre IP-Adresse, Such- und Browsingaktivität bei Ihrer Nutzung der Websites und Apps von Verizon Media. According to the Arrhenius theory, the ionic conductivity of aqueous electrolytes is realized by the electrolyte ions. Sie können Ihre Einstellungen jederzeit ändern. Other corrosion monitoring techniques such as weight loss and potentiodynamic polarization were studied before by our research group [9]. In relation to evaluating corrosion for electrochemical phenomena and providing higher reliability, modern study has created agreement on the technique of electrical conductivity that is rapid and does not seriously harm the structure during implementation. The concentration dependence of the transport numbers of chlorine ions is examined by the Tubandt method.


(λ+H+ = 349.65 Scm2∙mol−1) and the ionic molar conductivity of Zn2+ (λ+1/2Zn2+ = 52.8 Scm2∙mol−1) [14] gives us an explanation of why this decrease in values of electrical conductivity with time of 1.00 M HCl solution that containing the zinc sheet. The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper.

− changes with time of the solutions of 1.00 M NaOH with 1.0, 5.0, 10.0, and 20.0 mM lignosulfonate are less than in the case of 1.00 M NaOH without the addition of lignosulfonate. Its publishing company, IOP Publishing, is a world leader in professional scientific communications.

This weakness could be considered to the possibility of the passivation process of the zinc as shown in the Pourbaix diagram (Figure 4). Table 1. Scientific Research → More extensive tables and mathematical representations may be +

0000000631 00000 n Furthermore, zinc is known for its sacrificial properties for corrosion inhibition. CBSE Class 12 Exam 2021 - Exam Pattern and New Marking Scheme. The electrical conductivity method was successfully applied as a new monitoring technique to monitor the corrosion and corrosion inhibition processes of zinc metal. Figure 7 shows the variation of electrical conductivity of 5.0% (w/w) NaCl solutions in the presence and absence of lignosulfonate. The concentration dependences of the electrical conductivity and the transport numbers of chlorine ions are interpreted in terms of the microinhomogeneous glass structure associated with the selective interaction of components during synthesis of glasses. Fundamentals of Electrochemistry provides the basic outline of most topics of theoretical and applied electrochemistry for students not yet familiar with this field, as well as an outline of recent and advanced developments in electrochemistry for people who are already dealing with electrochemical problems. The dynamics of the connected or mobile charges on the quantity of interface areas or fluid or solid material can be investigated [7] [8]. The dielectric constants and loss angles of a series of concentrated aqueous ionic solutions have been measured at wave‐lengths of 10 cm, 3 cm, and 1.25 cm. In our model the dc-active H 3 O * and OH * ions are produced by the HCl and NaOH molecules.


The ratio of the two slopes (e.g. The technical assistance of Mr. Mustafa Mohamad and Miss Ala’ Qutaishat is highly acknowledged. Because the slope value of electrical conductivity was less in case of presence of lignosulfonate than in case of absence of lignosulfonate, again we could notice the inhibition behavior of lignosulfonate.

Mix the contents of the test tube containing NaCH3CO2 and one containing HCl, the contents of the tubes containing HCl and NaOH, and the contents of the tubes containing NaCl and CH3CO2H. The slope values of the variation of electrical conductivity of 5.0% (w/w) NaCl solutions in the presence and absence of 1.0, 5.0, 10.0, and 20.0 mM of lignosulfonate with the time that are listed in Table 3.

The hypothesis about the active role of water in the conductivity of electrolytes may look controversial, but nevertheless it consistently accounts for a set of basic empirical data and is therefore worth examining.