It was officially adopted on July 29, 1980, under the rule of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (Persian: محمد رضا پهلوی). All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. raised two large banners, one black, the other white and inscribed with Koran 22:39 (Ṭabarī, II, p. 1954; Balʿamī, ed. It appears on the coins of Sultan Ḡīāṯ-al-Dīn Kayḵosrow, the Saljuqid of Rūm (r. 634-44/1236-46), “probably to exemplify the ruler’s power” (Darley-Doran, p. 975). , Under Nasser al-Din Shah, the principal flag was white with a green border on three sides and a lion and emblem in the centre. R. Ghirshman, Persian Art: The Parthian and Sassanian Dynasties 249 B.C.-A.D. 651, New York, 1962. This double role was considered the patrimony of the Iranian kings, derived from Jamshid, mythical founder of the ancient Persian kingdom, and Ali, the first Shi'a Imam. 17-136, Pl. Asad-Allāh, Pers. Abū Saʿīd ʿAbd-al-Ḥayy Gardīzī, Zayn al-aḵbār, ed.  In 1964, the ratio was changed from 1:3 to 4:7 and the emblem on the naval ensign was shrunk to fit entirely within the white stripe. script on the flag [ Natser min Allah wa-fatakh al-karib] 34, pp. , It stands for martyrdom.
When the Safavid Dynasty took over, a new flag with a green (represents paradise in Islam) background and a full golden moon was adopted. According to Persian mythology Kaveh was a blacksmith and led a rebellion to overthrow Zah-hak (a.k.a.
The choice of these colors has given rise to much debate (e.g., Ḏokāʾ, no. * Symbolic was adorned with the image of a lion (Ghirshman, pp. ; Pls. 1010-11; Figure 4). The Persian Empire (not to be confused with Iran which, if fascist, will be named "New Persian Empire") represents a modern incarnation to the various Iranian imperial dynasties commonly referred to as "Persian Empires", existing intermittently in various forms from 550 BC to 1925. The sun's facial features were removed and the Kiani Crown on the naval ensign was replaced with the Pahlavi Crown.
the "tongue" of the swallowtail. green field a golden sheep standing before the rising sun. stripes. Arguments persist concerning the use of the emblem. The other, too, is a tricolor fabric, but of equal width. The new flag consisted of a green background with an emblem of a sheep and a sun at the center. ʿAlī, ed. 135-41 (essential). 91-95 and Nafīsī, 1949, pp.
BC 375-340) DAGGER, QUIVER AND BOW C/M of lion's paw on OBV. *šaγr°: Bartholomae, pp. There were also many other ʿalams for various ceremonial occasions, especially the Moḥarram rituals. Source: The Imperial Iranian Army from Cyrus to In some East Iranian dialects, the word šāh (king) was pronounced šēr, homonymous with šēr “lion” (from OIr.
When appointing ʿAlī al-Reżā (q.v.) Indeed the capture and destruction of this banner signaled the collapse of the Persian empire (Christensen, Iran Sass., pp. 207 f.) describes a palace which Tīmūr had seized from the former Chaghatay khans of Samarqand, and states that the lion and sun symbol ornamented the gateway of the main building and the arches around the courtyard.
Others were small angular silken pieces with one or more pennons and ornamented with floral or geometric designs (Figure 9a), circles (Figure 9b) and triplicate circles (Figure 9c; the latter probably representing Tīmūr’s banner; see Clavijo, p. 208), or with such emblematic figures as dragons (Figure 10), lions (Figure 11a), and homāys or sīmorḡ (Figure 11b). 46-57 and figs. I, p. 790). stripes: blue, yellow, green, yellow, blue. from becoming a Gay Pussycat! mirrors. Red symbolizes the blood of the martyr, vitality, and sophistication. What is the meaning behind the colors of the flag of Iran? 79, 92 f., 300 f.). Regarding the Safavid understanding of the Lion and Sun motif, Shahbazi suggests that "the Safavids had reinterpreted the lion as symbolizing Imam ʿAlī and the sun as typifying the 'glory of religion', a substitute for the ancient farr-e dīn."
Islamic, Turkish, and Mongol traditions also stressed the symbolic association of the lion and royalty (Grünert; Kindermann; Ackerman; Köprülü; Spuler, Mongolen4, pp. * Qaznavid Dynasty . Whitney Smith did an article on Persian flags for one of the * Imperial Organizations 3D Persian Sci-Fi Digital Art Gallery Included * Ancient Civilizations Era 577). The Persian Empire has an extensive history, being home to one of the most celebrated leaders, Cyrus the Great. A new leader, Tahmsp I took over the Safavid Empire and the flag was changed.
Colors Share your thoughts below. * Imperial Iranian Air Force Ayatollah Ali Khamenei inspecting troops with the Islamic Republic military colors during a special ceremony. 45, 48-58; Yūsofī, pp.
12-13); even Yaʿqūbī confused the two and translated Šēr-e Bāmīān as Asad al-Bāmīān (Markwart, Ērānšahr, pp. 29). A. Shapur Shahbazi, "FLAGS i.
The Safavid interpretation of this symbol is believed to have been based on a combination of historical legends like the Shahnameh, stories of prophets, and other Islamic sources.
Jaume Ollé, 17 January 2000. image by Pedram Kian.  Another version included the same design but with green and red.
The attribution of such qualities to ʿAlī and the tracing of the Shiʿite fourth Imam’s lineage to the royal Sasanian house (literature in Boyce, pp. its appearance on a Safavid steel horse-frontal, Survey of Persian Art XIII, Pl. Web Design by Grafdom, How Positivity Can Boost the Immune System. During the efforts at language reform (see FARHANGESTĀN), the established words for “flag” (Pers. 53) or the double-pointed sword of ʿAlī (see ḎU’l-FAQĀR), or a lion with a rising sun above it.