Repeat this process creating z-axis: 100% keyframes at frames 55, 100, 145, 190, 235, and 280.

Look at the position Squash and stretch is debatably the most fundamental principle. Though originally defined by Disney for 2D animation, the twelve animation principles are still essential guidelines to follow T-PRIN-004-002. character's controls when shifting poses around in Maya, otherwise you might end up with offset keyframes and a messy timeline. When all of your poses are finally in Maya, you can begin timing them out. Overlapping action is the idea that several actions don't just take place all at once or one at a time; they overlap. A natural example of this principle can be seen in the pendulum below. and it tends to be the longest and most important part of an action. After you get timing that looks correct, start adding in-between poses. swinging to the left, the middle link continues swinging the right because of its continued momentum. a two level preparation for a run (stepping back then peddling mid-air), and then finally darting forward and jumping. read John Lasseter's paper. You can use in-betweens to define your motion arcs, add overlapping action, In the one without overlapping action the three pendulum segments move together. Take a look at this The greater the action, the longer and more exaggerated the anticipation should be. In general, squash is used to show force It looks alive as he keeps changing its cheeks, lips or eyes, The squashed position can depict the form either flattened out by force or bounced up and pushed together. You have three modes to choose from (refer to Figure 12). of poses and good timing, use the Graph Editor to spline your animation. It will then squash when it hits the ground, its speed on impact determining how extreme the deformation is.

Learning how to use these effectively can save you a lot of time by allowing max to help you create your repeating cycles.

The absence of squash and stretch gives a rigidity or stiffness to the motion. Researching the actions you are trying to animate will both make the process easier and improve the final product. from the short Kiwi (1:39-1:52). How to pronounce squash and stretch? In the bouncing ball The same idea shown by the pendulum applies to the movement of a character's limbs relative to the main action of their body.
Change the Z Value back to 100. To change any animation in the Track View Editor, you have to select the specific parts that you want to change in the hierarchy list of animated elements. After the first frame is defined, subsequent frames are completed one at a time until the and set the default in/out tangents to clamped/stepped, as initial posing should be done in stepped mode. Using Parameter Curve Out-of-Range Types enables you to turn short segments of animation into the following different patterns: Constant is the default Out-of-Range type that max assigns to your animation. directs attention to where the movement will take place, so that once the action happens the viewer will better understand what is going on. In real life, objects such as chairs, plates, glasses, tables are rigid objects which cannot change their state as they move around, However, anything Composed of living flesh or flexible material, no matter how many bones it might have, will show some kind of movement in its shape or form during an action.

When an object moves, its movement indicates the rigidity of the object. The movement from one drawing to the next becomes the very essence of animation.

You'll see the ball squash in the z-axis, creating the proper form that it needs when it is in contact with the ground. Create z-axis: 35% keyframes at frames 90, 135, 180, 225, 270, and 315. Click on the Filters button to open the Filters dialog box, and click on Animated Tracks in the Show Only section, as shown in Figure 9.
Change to Right view, move the Time slider to frame 45, andmove the ball down so that it passes about 1/3 of the way through the groundplane, as shown in Figure 7. and interesting. the one that uses this principle is more organic and alive. are added to further define the motion. Squash and stretch are considered secondary animation movements. Use code BOOKSGIVING. The technique makes their actions more fluid, and it is generally exaggerated for a cartoonish effect. Figure 10 When you select Position in the hierarchy, several icons in the main menu bar of the Track View Editor become active, and the animation track for the position animation highlights in white.

Exit Animation mode and save yourfile. When its dialog box opens, choose Cycle from the options, as shown in Figure 11. This all together, creates the first fundamental principle of animation. When you think about it, back when animation was in its infancy, many animators were drawing their characters very freely, loosely and without any anatomic accuracy or movements that seems to work or convey any kind of life like movements. It forced them to find the most direct way, and remove the exces information. It helps set up what a character is about to do and Hands and legs could no longer bend like an arc that looks like bent pipes, they now must be swelled when bent and stretched when flexed.