They are formed in Spanish much like above, except that the definite article is also used, as in these examples: Sus amigos son los más responsables de la clase de francés. Adjectives are used to compare and contrast nouns in Spanish in comparisons of equality, comparisons of inequality, and in superlatives. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies.
Examples: Francisco’s dad is a very stubborn person – El de papá de Francisco es una persona muy testaruda; She was very upset when she found out the truth – Ella estaba muy molesta cuando descubrió la verdad; Sumamente + Adjective.
Absolute: John is very smart. Mi mamá es la mujer más inteligente en mi familia. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Complete the missing parts of these pieces of sentences following the rules for the superlative in Spanish. Below you will find a list of useful -ísimo adjectives. In this example, we are not comparing Alan with anybody else but simply highlighting that he is very smart. The most important thing is to finish on time. This is formed by removing the final vowel from the, Revising Spanish grammar - nouns and articles - Edexcel, Revising Spanish grammar - adjectives - Edexcel, Revising Spanish grammar - adverbs - Edexcel, Revising Spanish grammar - pronouns - Edexcel, Revising Spanish grammar - present tense - Edexcel, Revising Spanish grammar - the preterite tense - Edexcel, Revising Spanish grammar - the imperfect tense - Edexcel, Revising Spanish grammar - the perfect tense - Edexcel, Revising Spanish grammar - future tense - Edexcel, Revising Spanish grammar - the conditional tense - Edexcel, Revising Spanish grammar - other tenses and verb forms - Edexcel, Revising Spanish grammar - negatives - Edexcel, Home Economics: Food and Nutrition (CCEA). definite article (el, la, los, las) + superlative adjective. 25-sep-2017 - Learn the basic rules to make sentences with superlatives in Spanish by reading simple explanations and listening to examples using superlative adjectives in Spanish to compare animals, people and more. SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website.
Superlatives. Please, take a look at these examples. Example: La casa es grande (The house is big) → La casa es la más grande (The house is the biggest). The relative superlative describes a noun within the context of some larger group. Saber vs Conocer / Pedir vs Preguntar, 78. Where can I see examples of Spanish superlatives and comparatives? sumamente + adjective This is the least appropriate place to discuss that issue. The formulas for forming regular superlative adjectives are found below. We had problems creating your account.
María es la más delgada de la clase.
In Spanish, the relative superlative construction is similar to the comparative. Links to quizzes, tests, etc. The absolute superlative for adjectives has three possible forms. – My mother is (+intelligent) woman in my family. Yo soy el mejor profesor de español del mes. Many qualitative adjectives that have an r in the final syllable do not always take the -ísimo ending, but instead take the -érrimo ending. To form superlative adjectives in Spanish, you will use a formula very similar to that used to form comparative adjectives, with the important addition of the definite article. Juan es el chico más inteligente de la clase. My brother is the least responsible one in the family. Mary is the smartest girl in the class. As you can see, the structure sounds a lot similar to the one from English and it is easy to replicate. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent.
Of the three, Moe is the meanest. Learn the basic rules to make sentences with superlatives in Spanish by reading simple explanations and listening to examples using superlative adjectives in Spanish to compare animals, people and more.
Forming Superlative Adjectives.
For adjectives that have single-word comparative and superlative forms, such as mejor(best) and peor(worst), you do not use más or menos.
When an adjective ends in -n, -dor, or -or, -ísimo usually changes to -císimo. are used to compare things and say which one is the biggest, strongest, fastest, etc or the most/least.
Reading about it’s all fun and games but sometimes, you just need to see (or hear) a concept to really get it. – Daniela and I are the kindest at the school.
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You can also add -ísimo to an adjective (and even some adverbs) to talk about an extreme degree of something. Stem Changing Verbs in Spanish: Explained For Beginners, Lo in Spanish: 5 Different Meanings for 5 Different Scenarios, Si Clauses in Spanish: 5 minute Guide to The Hypothetical, definite article (el, la, los, las) + más + adjective, definite article (el, la, los, las) + menos + adjective, Relative Superlative: indicates that something or someone has more or less of a certain quality than a group that we are comparing it to (he ran the, Absolute Superlative: describes quality in its highest degree, and doesn’t make any comparisons (his girlfriend is. (The student is the most/least intelligent). Today’s lesson will cover the rules for using superlatives in Spanish. (The beaches are the best). – Her friends are (+responsible) in the French class. John is very smart. Yo soy (+bueno) profesor de español del mes. This handy suffix may be translated as very, really, extremely, super, and quite. Simply use the definite articles and the adjective superlative form. Este es el lugar menos apropiado para discutir ese problema.
In Spanish, superlatives follow the same pattern as comparatives, with the addition of the definite article (el, la, los, or las) before másor menos. Superlatives: Quiz #1 . John is the smartest boy in the class. We'll focus on superlatives in this article. Mary is the youngest person in the room. Ramiro is very tall. © 1997–2020 Study Languages, LLC. To form superlative adjectives in Spanish, you will use a formula very similar to that used to form comparative adjectives, with the important addition of the definite article.
To form these, you need to take an adjective and add the words: muy (very), sumamente (extremely), or the suffix “-ísimo(-a, -os, -as)” in order to express a greater degree of a specific characteristic. This is formed by removing the final vowel from the adjective (if there is one) and adding the ending -ísimo (or -ísima/-ísimos/-ísimas) to make sure it agrees with the noun.
This type of superlative in Spanish can be formed by using the adverb “MUY” (very), for example: “Alan es muy inteligente”. This is the most beautiful house in the neighborhood.
There are two types of superlative: relative and absolute.
These are known as irregular, since you don’t use más or menos with them.
My mother is as intelligent as you are – Mi mamá es tan inteligente como tú lo eres. We simply add the adverbs “more” or “less” (más o menos) between the definite article and the adjective that you want to emphasize. – Daniela and I are (+kind) at the school. It is time to test your understanding of the rules for the superlative in Spanish. In this case, something or someone has the best or the worst qualities without even comparing them to the rest of a group. When we want to talk about the most or least of something. John is the smartest boy in the class.
Use “-ísimo(-a,-mos,-mas)” suffix to change the bolded adjective into an absolute superlative.
Spanish relative superlatives are actually not that different from English ones. Most formula: definite article (el, la, los, las) + más+ adjective, Least formula : definite article (el, la, los, las) + menos+ adjective. Juan es el chico más inteligente de la clase.