They assumed it had something to do with him being in charge of the money (John 13:28-29). In this case, most would argue that this other name is Nathanael, since Nathanael appears to be an apostle in the Gospel of John, is closely associated with Philip (Philip calls him to meet Jesus, after all), and Bartholomew doesn’t appear in John.

But that’s kind of the story of Andrew’s life.

The only other mentions of Philip in the Bible occur in John: According to Clement of Alexandria, who lived in the second and third century, Philip is also mentioned one other time (though not directly). . (It was a pretty common name.) The lists found in the synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) appear when Jesus calls these 12 disciples aside for a special purpose and officially appoints them as apostles. No matter how you react to Judas, one thing is certain, believers can benefit greatly by taking a serious look at his life. He was a brother to Andrew, who... John. petros, petra; Aram. These three alone were given the privilege of experiencing the transfiguration, along with a few other extraordinary revelations of Jesus. Philip preached to the crowd while hanging on the cross, and they wanted to release the two disciples, but Philip told them to free Bartholomew and leave him hanging there. It could also be that the circumstances were convoluted enough for both writers to be correct.

12:2. His name only appears in the four lists of Jesus’ 12 main disciples, and he’s never listed with any titles or descriptions. In John 14:8–9, Philip asks Jesus, "Lord, show us the Father, and we will be satisfied.” Jesus replies, “Have I been with you all this time, Philip, and yet you still don’t know who I am? Five books of the New Testament are attributed to someone named “John.” According to tradition, the Apostle John wrote all of them (more than any other member of the Twelve): But which (if any) of these books he actually wrote largely depends on if we can identify John the Apostle with the Johns mentioned above, and scholars have come to mixed conclusions about that. Some titles, such as the Savior, express Christ's role within the theological framework of Christianity, while others are primarily metaphorical.

He happened to be a brother to James. Or he may have simply been zealous for the Mosaic Law. Tradition holds that he preached in Ephesus, was exiled to the island of Patmos (where he wrote Revelation), returned to Ephesus, and died of old age after 98 AD. John records dialogue not found in the other gospels, and sometimes gives us unique details about their relationships and other additional information. The Bible doesn’t explicitly connect these two people, and neither do the early church fathers, but it’s certainly possible that they’re the same person. This is especially true for the more obscure disciples.

appears in the four lists of Jesus’ 12 main disciples, and he’s never listed with any titles or descriptions. This doesn’t tell us much (other than that he was a tax collector in Capernaum, since Capernaum is where this encounter takes place), but you’ll notice Mark and Luke call this tax collector Levi or Levi son of Alphaeus. Tradition claims Andrew was crucified in the Greek city of Patras around 60 AD, and that like Peter, he didn’t consider himself worthy of dying the same way as Jesus. Even his moniker, “the Zealot” is ambiguous enough that we can’t be sure what it means—though there are several strong possibilities. And he brought him to Jesus.” —John 1:41–42.

Noticeably missing from the Gospel of John are James, son of Alphaeus, Matthew, and Simon the Canaanite/Zealot. By including Matthew among his disciples, Jesus showed that no one—not even those society considered irredeemable—would be excluded from God’s table.

rock) by Jesus of Nazareth, also known as Simon bar Jonah and... Andrew: brother of Peter, a Bethsaida fisherman and disciple of John the Baptist, and also the First-Called Apostle. Detail of "Apostle Saint Matthew" by El Greco, 1610-1614. Before they cast lots in Acts 1, the disciples pray: “Lord, you know everyone’s heart. The following nine apostles are identified by name: The individual that the Gospel of John names as Nathanael is traditionally identified as the same person that the Synoptic Gospels call Bartholomew, and most would agree that the sons of Zebedee is likely to be a reference to James and John, while Judas (not Iscariot) probably refers to Thaddaeus, also known as St. Jude. The apostles are generally listed in order of importance and paired according to their associations. mentioned in the four lists of apostles. One puzzling question in the Bible is the exact identity of Simon the Zealot, the Bible's own mystery apostle. In remorse, Judas Iscariot throws down the 30 pieces of silver he received in payment for betraying Christ. According to tradition, Mark’s gospel is based on Peter’s account of his time with Jesus—which could be why Matthew and Luke’s gospels appear to be based on the Gospel of Mark, even though Matthew was an eyewitness!


He was a brother to Andrew, who was also an apostle of Jesus Christ. Later, when some Greek men from Bethsaida want to see Jesus, they come to Philip first, presumably because they knew he was from the same town as them (or possibly because he spoke Greek the best). ", Carson, D.A. Their intent was clearly to learn God’s will. (One just had to happen first.). So Peter and John Mark likely crossed paths, and it wouldn’t be surprising if they developed a lasting relationship as a result. Simon was nailed while Jude was hacked to death, James (Junior) was pushed down from temple summit. Authority – “Jesus said, ‘All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.” Matt. Many would say this represents an obvious contradiction in the Bible, but it’s also possible for both of these accounts to be true.

Four Courts Press, Dublin, Ireland, 1999.

Herod had him killed by sword, and he was likely beheaded. But God chose them for a purpose — to fan the flames of the gospel that would spread across the face of the earth and continue to burn bright throughout centuries to follow. The Apostles of Jesus.

In the gospels, Peter is portrayed as impetuous, always speaking his mind and acting on impulse. Biblical accounts suggest that he was very close to Jesus and witnessed important events that the other apostles did not see such as the transfiguration. Andrew’s Greek name is “Iakobos” which interprets as Jacob. In the Bible alone, there are more than 150 different titles used in reference to Jesus Christ. That is why they were referred to as Jesus’ apostles.

Today’s scholars have mixed opinions on Jude’s authorship.

), “But Judas Iscariot, one of his disciples (he who was about to betray him), said, ‘Why was this ointment not sold for three hundred denarii and given to the poor?’ He said this, not because he cared about the poor, but because he was a thief, and having charge of the moneybag he used to help himself to what was put into it.” —John 12:4–6, This is part of the reason many people believe Judas Iscariot betrayed Jesus out of greed. As one of the Twelve, Matthias played a key role in helping spread the gospel and lead the church when it was most fragile. But others argue that Bartholomew is a standalone name, and that the Greek text normally represents patronymic names differently: “The name ‘Bartholomew’ may stand by itself in the apostolic lists as a proper name. Honestly, that’s all you really need to know about the Apostle Thomas.

The word translated as “the Less” or “the younger” could refer to height, age, or importance, but this kind of contrast makes the most sense if there are two people the audience would associate with the name James, not three or four.