A fennel tea was believed to give courage to the warriors prior to battle. It may be blanched or marinated, or cooked in risotto. Dig over the planting area, incorporating some organic matter – such as compost or leafmould, especially if the soil is heavy clay. 450-1100)-language text, Articles containing Mycenaean Greek-language text, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from May 2014, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 02:24. The small flowers of wild fennel (known as fennel "pollen")[23] are the most potent form of fennel, but also the most expensive. Fennel doesn’t transplant well, so you can just sow your seeds straight out into the garden in the late spring after the frost threat has passed. The Latin word for the plant was ferula, which is now used as the genus name of a related plant. As grouped by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, production data for fennel are combined with similar spices – anise, star anise, and coriander. In North American supermarkets, it is often mislabeled as "anise". Fennel companion planting options are limited and we strongly recommend to any gardener who is considering adding fennel to their garden to be mindful of what plants do not do well when planted near fennel. Calflora taxon report, University of California, http://www.tarladalal.com/glossary-fennel-seeds-410i, "Production in 2014, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Foeniculum vulgareMill: A Review of Its Botany, Phytochemistry, Pharmacology, Contemporary Application, and Toxicology", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fennel&oldid=982588586, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Middle English (1100-1500)-language text, Articles containing Old English (ca. [24] The seeds are said to help digestion and are often found in recipes for oily fish. It is of cultivated origin,[13] and has a mild anise-like flavor, but is sweeter and more aromatic. Plants may be divided, but this isnt as easy as it is with other garden plants and often proves unsatisfactory. When to Grow?

It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves.It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks..

The best spot to plant fennel is in a sunny location, preferably in a bed that has well-draining soil. It propagates well by seed, and is considered an invasive species and a weed in Australia[18] and the United States. Fennel is also used as a flavoring in some natural toothpastes. Fennel is widely cultivated, both in its native range and elsewhere, for its edible, strongly flavored leaves and fruits. Giant fennel (Ferula communis) is a large, coarse plant, with a pungent aroma, which grows wild in the Mediterranean region and is only occasionally grown in gardens elsewhere. [2] It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves.

The type of fennel you choose to grow will depend on what part of the fennel plant you wish to use -- the bulb, the fronds or the seeds. Fennel is a sun-loving plant, so plant it where it will receive at least 6 hours of direct sun. Fennel grows in zones 5-10. [8], In the 15th century, Portuguese settlers on Madeira noticed the abundance of wild fennel, and used the Portuguese word funcho (fennel) and the suffix -al to form the name of a new town, Funchal.[9]. The leaves can be harvested whenever desired; To harvest the seeds from common fennel, allow the plants to flower and fade, and remove the seeds when the seed heads are fully ripe.

It is erect, glaucous green, and grows to heights of up to 2.5 metres (8 ft), with hollow stems. Longfellow's 1842 poem "The Goblet of Life" repeatedly refers to the plant and mentions its purported ability to strengthen eyesight: Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare, is a perennial herb. Spreads 2 … Wild fennel will develop an extensive root system. (57)", "HESIOD, THE HOMERIC HYMNS, AND HOMERICA", "Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map".

[33], flowering plant species in the carrot family. Full sun, tolerates partial shade.

Fennel’s strong aroma and flavor make it a garden favorite. At its maturity, fennel reaches a height of three feet.

Fennel is mostly prepared fresh so it’s important to refrain from using pesticides. Florence fennel or finocchio (UK: /fɪˈnɒkioʊ/, US: /-ˈnoʊk-/, Italian: [fiˈnɔkkjo]) is a selection with a swollen, bulb-like stem base that is used as a vegetable. Dill has thread-like, feathery leaves and yellow flowers; coriander and caraway have white flowers and finely divided leaves (though not as fine as dill or fennel) and are also shorter-lived (being annual or biennial plants).

An herbal tea or tisane can be made from fennel.[28].

Fennel is widely cultivated, both in its native range and elsewhere, for its edible, strongly flavored leaves and fruits. Grow instead in pots away from the garden plot, or at the very least at the back of the garden. Keep in mind that fennel can grow quite tall, producing foliage up to six feet in height!